this week we complete the analysis of the heat equation. Using the technical material in the previous lectures, we prove optimal Schauder estimates for the solution to the Cauchy problem in such that . Namely, we show that, if is -Hölder continuous with respect to the parabolic distance of in , i.e., with respect to the distance and then the above Cauchy problem admits a (unique) solution such that all its derivatives have the same degree of smoothness of (we simply say that ).
Another equivalent way of stating this result is the following: if a function is such that and then is smoother than : it belongs to .
Besides their own interest, from a mathematical view point, optimal Schauder estimates are also very important in the study of nonlinear equations. In this lecture, we see an example left as an exercise to you, but in one of the forthcoming lectures we will also see some other concrete example where optimal Schauder estimates will be used to solve nonlinear parabolic equations with nonlocal terms.
Now, it is time to choose the team which will be responsible for the official solutions to the exercises of this lecture, and our favorite team for this week is the team from Lecce
Enjoy the lecture and the ISEM
Kind regards. Your virtual lecturers.